A planned borough of the 1200s, when a market was granted at the junction of the Launceston-Saltash and Liskeard-Tavistock roads. The town remained small until the opening of local mines in the 1800s

Callington town centre in the early 1900s

Population 1861: 2,000

Population 2011: 5,800

Planned population 2031: 6,800

Permission has been granted to build on these green fields, some of which are categorised as brown fields because of old mining works.